Love Data Week Day 4

Research & Data Services

February 12-16, 2024
#LoveData24

Thursday, February 15, 2024 – Blog Post by Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE

Today we will focus on diet and nutrition. Poor diet is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Over the last several decades consumption of processed foods and changing lifestyles have led to the development of unhealthy diets. The lockdowns of the pandemic and the increased use of remote technologies have also led to an increase in sedentary lifestyles and habits amplifying the impact of these already unhealthy lifestyles. Eating the right variety of foods in moderation can help to offset this impact and help to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and obesity.

What does a healthy diet look like?

The details of a “healthy diet varies for each person, but there are some common threads. Individuals should aim to incorporate nutrient-dense foods like vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats, and high-fiber carbs and limit low-nutrient, high-calorie foods like sweets, fatty meats, and fried and processed foods.

All healthy eating plans should include:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Lean meats and plant-based sources of protein
  • Less added sugar
  • Less processed foods

MyPlate.gov

MyPlate is a visual reminder to make healthy choices from each of the five groups. MyPlate.gov offers tips and resources that support healthy dietary patterns.

For healthy recipe ideas, check out My Plate. The MyPlate Quiz is a quick self-assessment tool that provides tailored resources based on answers to a series of simple questions about current eating habits. The results page provides a snapshot of how the user is doing in meeting food group recommendations. The user can then sync quiz results with the Start Simple with MyPlate app to set daily goals organized by food group. Each goal can be personalized to personal preference, cultural foodways, and budget needs, and includes sample tips as starter ideas.

Check out this mini-poster for more information and tips on nutrition, including portion amounts for each dietary component.

Grocery Shopping Tips

First consider your shopping cart divided into fourths.

  • Fill one half of your shopping cart with fruits and vegetables. These can be fresh, frozen, canned or dried. Start in the produce section to get more fresh produce.
  • Fill one fourth of the cart with whole grains like bread, tortillas, pasta, brown rice, quinoa, etc.
  • Fills one fourth with healthy proteins. This can include seafood and lean meats, but also nuts, nut butters, eggs and beans.
  • Aim to add dairy to your cart. Milk/dairy provides essential vitamins like calcium and vitamin D that you are less likely to get from other foods in the same quantity that milk provides. Other sources of dairy can include, yogurt and cheese. Also, when reading your label, you may find that many sources of dairy are also great sources of protein!

Similarly, your grocery cart should look like your plate.

  • Half plate of fruit and vegetables
  • Quarter plate of lean protein
  • Quarter plate of high-fiber carbohydrates

Nutrition Label Tips

Serving Size, Calories, and Macronutrients

  • Check serving sizes first! They may not be the same as the usual portion you take or the amount you assume it is.
  • A can of soup often has 2.5 “servings”, but a person often has 1 full can
  • A bag of chips often has 3 “servings,” but a person often has 1 full bag
  • Calories are good to check if you choose to look at just one part of the nutrition label
  • Fat, carbohydrates, and protein are worth checking

Nutrients to increase

  • Dietary fiber
  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Vitamin D

Nutrients to decrease

  • Saturated fat
  • Sodium
  • Added sugars

Ways to Use Nutrition Labels

  • Guide to serving and portion sizes
  • Compare two products to choose the healthier
  • Limit or increase consumption of calories or certain nutrients
  • Finding new foods that fit within your plan
     

List of Ingredients

  • Listed from highest to lowest quantity in the food product
  • Use it to find ingredients you may or may not want
  • You might want:
    • Whole grains
    • Olive, soybean, or canola oil
  • You may not want:
    • Added sugars like honey, sugar, molasses, corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup, turbinado sugar, agave syrup, brown rice syrup
    • Hydrogenated oil, partially hydrogenated oil
    • Nitrites, sodium nitrate
  • You can also check for preservatives, colors, flavors, and other types of additives

A great resource on reading food labels can be found here.

No material on this site is intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

References

Love Data Week Day 3

Research & Data Services

February 12-16, 2024
#LoveData24

Wednesday, February 14, 2024 –  Blog Post by Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE

Did you know…

  • Prolonged sitting increases risk of spinal, shoulder, carpal tunnel, and leg disorders
  • Sitting for more than 3 hours/day increases risk for all-cause mortality deaths
  • Sitting too much increases cholesterol and accelerates weight gain
  • People who sit most of the day and people who smoke have the same risk of heart attack

Question: What is the single most important thing you can do this very moment for health?

Answer: MOVE!

Regular exercise is one of the most important things you do to improve your health. For those that don’t like the term “exercise”, let’s just use the term “movement” because virtually any movement counts, even those that don’t resonate as “exercise”. Throughout the day, aim to move more and sit less because some activity is better than no activity. Though seemingly small now, it will add up over time to equate to added health benefits.  

The CDC recommends 150 – 300 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity/week or 75 minutes to 150 minutes of vigorous intensity activity/week. These minutes can be broken down into smaller chunks of time, such as 30 minutes/day for 5 days. Your activity can be walking, jogging, running, dancing, biking, mowing the lawn, walking the dog, golf, hiking, or virtually anything that will get you moving.

Continue reading

Love Data Week – Day 2

Research & Data Services

February 12-16, 2024
#LoveData24

Tuesday, February 13, 2024 – Blog Post by Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE

Today we will focus on health disparities. The term health disparity refers to differences in health and health care between groups that typically stem from broader inequities. Multiple definitions of health disparity exist including:

Healthy People 2030 definition of health disparity

A particular type of health difference that is linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage,” and that adversely affects groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definition of health disparity

Preventable differences in the burden, disease, injury, violence, or in opportunities to achieve optimal health experienced by socially disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and other population groups and communities.

*Note that each definition refers to differences, and these differences are driven by a number of factors, including genetics, health behaviors, social and environmental factors, and access to health care.

Health disparities exist across all demographics in the US, and addressing them is essential to not only to those impacted, but to the overall health our our nation. Health disparties place a significant financial burden on individual, families, and the health care system.

Heart disease has been the number one cause of death for the last 100 years. In 2021 heart disease and stroke (5th leading cause of death) took more lives in the US than all forms of cancer and lower respiratory disease.

Continue reading

Love Data Week Day 1

Research & Data Services

February 12-16, 2024
#LoveData24

Monday, February 12, 2024 – Blog Post by Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE

Join UC Libraries Research & Data Services as we celebrate Love Data Week. The 2024 theme is “My Kind of Data”.

Question: What kind of data is the most personal?

Answer: Your own health data

Join us as we provide evidence-based data pertaining to the data that is most relevant to you. The information provided will help you be more knowledgeable about your health and provide impactful methods that can be incorporated relatively seamlessly into your day-to-day practices.

Continue reading

GIS Day Celebration – November 15, 2023

Join other UC GIS users for the celebration of National GIS Day. 

Flyer for GIS Day - repeats text in blog post

GIS, or Geographic Information Systems, is a way of analyzing spatial data to identify spatial patterns, solve problems and better understand the world we live in. With GIS we can understand climate change, disease progression, population dynamics and other phenomena of our modern world.

Sponsored by the Provost’s Office, UC Libraries, Department of Geography & GIS, Geography Graduate Student Association, and the Joint Center for GIS and Spatial Analysis, the day features Director of Education for Esri [Industry Leader in GIS software], Geri Miller and a GIS Jobs Panel.  The event is free and open to all.  Lunch will be provided for all attendees.

GIS Day

Date: November 15, 2023

Venue: Location Rm 400 ABC / Tangeman University Center

11:00 Keynote Speaker Geri Miller, Director of Education, Esri – Talk Title – “Geospatial Education in the Cloud: Today’s Workforce Skills

  • Geri Miller is Director of Education at Esri. Her main role is to support academic institutions stay on cutting edge of geospatial technology. Prior to that, she was an Instructor and Technical Lead at Esri, specializing in online and onsite delivery of various geospatial technology courses. Ms. Miller is also an Associate Program Director for the Johns Hopkins University Master of Science in Geographic Information Systems program and has been a lecturer in the program since its inception. She has developed and taught a range of the GIS curriculum, including Web GIS, Spatial Analytics, Programming in GIS courses.  https://advanced.jhu.edu/directory/geri-miller/

12:00 pm Lunch                                                

1:00 pm Jobs Panel featuring

  • Trisha Brush, MBA PMP GISP DTM (Director Information Systems and Analytics at Planning and Development Services of Kenton County)
  • Kelly Wright, M.S., GISP (GIS Analyst at City of Monroe)
  • Gabriela Waesch (GIS Analyst at OKI Regional Council of Governments)
  • Madison Cox (Geospatial Data Scientist at Sanitation District No. 1 of Campbell and Kenton Counties)
  • Madison Landon (Urban Planner at Woolpert)

Register for GIS Day in Faculty One Stop

Also please join members of the Department of Geography & GIS for coffee, pastries and conversation with the keynote prior to the official celebration

Venue: 4th Floor lounge, Braunstein Hall

9:30 – 10:30 Pre event Coffee and Donuts with Keynote   

Kyle McGill joins UC Libraries as the GIS Research Consultant

Welcome to Kyle!

Kyle McGill is the new GIS research consultant in the UC Libraries Research and Data Services Unit.

Kyle is a Master’s student in the Department of Geography and GIS. He completed an undergraduate degree in Geography, but also took classes in Urban Planning, both at UC. His primary interests are in remote sensing and environmental geography. He tends to spend his free time reading science fiction, playing video games, or playing with his two cats, Jojo and Nebula (pictures below).

Graduate Student Kyle McGill

Kyle is here to help you understand how to use GIS software, think about project plans, and find data for your project.  He can share information, offer advice, and even partner on projects on a case by case basis. Please come by the Data & GIS Collab, located in the Geology Math and Physics Library (240 Braunstein Hall).

Kyle’s hours will be:

Monday10 am to 2 pm
Tuesday10 am to 2 pm
Wednesday10 am to 2 pm
Thursday10 am to 2 pm
Friday12 pm to 4 pm
Nebula
JoJo

Love Data Week Day 5 – Data: Agent of Change or Perpetuating the Cycle? 

Data: Agent of Change or Perpetuating the Cycle? 

By Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE® 

Data for Black Lives 

Data can be a powerful tool for informing decisions and effecting change. But, what happens when data is used to create and perpetuate discriminatory practices? Taken directly from the Data for Black Lives website:  

“History tells a different story, one in which data is too often wielded as an instrument of oppression, reinforcing inequality and perpetuating injustice. Redlining was a data-driven enterprise that resulted in the systematic exclusion of Black communities from key financial services. More recent trends like predictive policing, risk-based sentencing, and predatory lending are troubling variations on the same theme.” 

Data for Black Lives is a movement of activists, organizers, and scientists committed to the mission of using data to create concrete and measurable change in the lives of Black people. The organization is comprised of 20,000 scientists and activists who endeavor to change the narrative and create racial justice by challenging discriminatory uses of data and algorithms across systems. The D4BL movement works to use data and technology as instruments to foster good in the Black community.  

 

Fatal Force Washington Post Database (1)

Did you know that 1,112 people have been shot and killed by police in the past 12 months? The Washington Post has tracked 8,229 fatal police shootings since 2015, and the data are available here. Ongoing analysis by the Post has shown that police shoot and kill more than 1,000 people each year. In 2015, the post began to log data behind each shooting by an on duty police officer. The data tells striking and alarming stories.  

  • Black Americans are killed at a much higher rate than White Americans (black Americans are killed at twice rate of white Americans). 
  • Most victims are young (20-40 years old). 

The database can be mined using several filters. The filters include: 

  • City and State 
  • Age 
  • Gender 
  • Race 
  • Year of shooting 
  • Victims Name 
  • Year of Shooting 
  • Fleeing scene 
  • Armed vs unarmed 

Why is this data significant? “The FBI and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention log fatal shootings by police, but officials acknowledge that their data is incomplete. Since 2015, The Post has documented more than twice as many fatal shootings by police as recorded on average annually by these agencies. The Post’s database is updated regularly as fatal shootings are reported and as facts emerge about individual cases. The Post seeks to make the database as comprehensive as possible (1)”. 

 References 

  1. Police shootings database 2015-2023: Search by race, age, department. Washington Post https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/interactive/2022/police-shootings-database-2015-2022-search-by-race-age-department/.

 

 

Love Data Week Day 4 – The 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey 

A graphic for love data WeekThe 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey 

By Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE® 

Much of what is included in this post is taken from the Executive Summary (1), which is extremely revealing and detailed regarding the survey and its findings. 

 The U.S Transgender Survey (USTS) was conducted in the summer of 2015 by the National Center for Transgender Equality. It was an anonymous, online survey for transgender adults (18 and older) in the United States that was made available in English and Spanish. It is the largest survey examining the experiences of transgender people in the United States, with 27,715 respondents from all fifty states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. military bases overseas. The survey was a follow up to the 2008–09 National Transgender Discrimination Survey, which helped to shift how the public and policymakers view the lives of transgender people and the challenges they face. The USTS provided detailed evidence and experiences shared by transgender people from a range of categories including education, employment, family life, health, housing, and interactions with the criminal justice system.  

Survey findings reveal disturbing patterns of mistreatment and discrimination and startling disparities between transgender people in the survey and the U.S. population when it comes to the most basic elements of life, such as finding a job, having a place to live, accessing medical care, and enjoying the support of family and community. Respondents experienced harassment and violence at alarmingly high rates. The findings reveled that mistreatment, harassment, and violence were pervasive in the lives of transgender people and was present in every aspect of their lives. Over half the respondents had been verbally assaulted, nearly a quarter of them had been physically assaulted, and 13% reported sexual assaults all as result of being transgender1. Nearly 1/3 of individuals reported being fired, denied a promotion, or experiencing some other form of mistreatment in the workplace due to their gender identity or expression. This has led to poverty rates that are more than double than the US average among the transgender community. “Among the starkest findings is that 40% of respondents have attempted suicide in their lifetime—nearly nine times the attempted suicide rate in the U.S. population (4.6%) (1)”.  

The survey data also reveals disturbing higher disparities among transgender people who have disabilities, are of color, and who are disabled. These include higher rates of unemployment, poverty, discrimination, health disparities, violence and suicide. The reports also reveal some glimmers of hope. The survey found that 4x more people responded to the survey than the previous National Transgender Discrimination Survey, suggesting that more were willing to use their voices to impact potential changes. The survey also revealed more acceptance of transgender status among families and friends of those who identify in this way.  

ICPSR has the data collected from the survey and information regarding the survey instrument and topics incuded2. The following information was taken directly from the ICPSR site for the USTS.  

“The survey instrument had thirty-two sections that covered a broad array of topics, including questions related to the following topics (in alphabetical order): accessing restrooms; airport security; civic participation; counseling; family and peer support; health and health insurance; HIV; housing and homelessness; identity documents; immigration; intimate partner violence; military service; police and incarceration; policy priorities; public accommodations; sex work; sexual assault; substance use; suicidal thoughts and behaviors; unequal treatment, harassment, and physical attack; and voting. 

Demographic information includes age, racial and ethnic identity, sex assigned at birth, gender and preferred pronouns, sexual orientation, language(s) spoken at home, education, employment, income, religion/spirituality, and marital status (2).” 

For more information or to access the data, please refer to this link. 

References 

(1) 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey Report. 2022 U.S. Trans Survey. https://www.ustranssurvey.org/reports (accessed 2023-02-09). 

(2) James, S. E.; Herman, J.; Keisling, M.; Mottet, L.; Anafi, M. 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey (USTS): Version 1, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37229.V1. 

 

Love Data Week 2023 Day 3 – Using Geospatial Data to inform Change

A graphic for love data Week

 

 

Using Geospatial Data to Inform Change

By Amy Koshoffer

When trying to understand the complexity of our modern society, looking through a geospatial lens can give more insight and lead to possible solutions for complicated challenges such as poverty, healthcare disparities, systemic racism and climate change.  This means we need to examine the “where” as an attribute when we want to bring about changes that matter. We can address questions that include where do people live in relation to industry, healthcare facilities, green spaces and other resources as well as where they live relative to risks such as sea level rise.  Combining location with population demographics can help us delve into these issues to understand if issues impact one group of our society more than another.

Esri is the industry leader for Geographic Information Software and has resources such as data with spatial attributes and tools that help us address our society’s most challenging issues.  Esri has made significant changes to their higher education support which greatly improves our ability to explore research questions through the geospatial lens. Below are some of the tools we have access to here at UC as well as information about the new updates: Continue reading

Love Data Week 2023 Day 2 – Celebrating Juneteenth with Data and Resources from ICPSR

A graphic for love data Week

Resource Center for Minority Data 

Celebrating Juneteenth with Data and Resources from ICPSR 

Tiffany Grant, PhD, CDE® 

On June 17, 2021, President Joe Biden signed a bill making Juneteenth an American federal holiday. Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. From its Galveston, Texas origin in 1865, the observance of June 19th as the African American Emancipation Day has spread across the United States and beyond. 

On June 19, 1865, two years after President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, US Major General Gordon Granger issued General Order (3). The order began with following lines: 

“The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired laborer (1).”  Continue reading